First let i say give thanks to i idren Jah Bird for the videos that the i posted.
In that video, i got reminded of a name that i had all but forgotten,Hubert Julian. I have had men in i own family who were in the Ethiopian Air force, and as a youth i remember them mentioning somethings about a famous American pilot in Ethiopia. Till now i had completely forgotten about it.
And even though i had heard mention of him, now i checked up on Wikipedia,and i must say i had no idea of the full extent of this manīs contribution, i was pleasantly surprised.
He deserves to be remembered.
If the i them can find more information, it would be pleasing to sight. I will be on the lookout to find an autobiography of him.
Here is what i found....................
Hubert Fauntleroy Julian (21 September 1897 19 February 1983) was a Trinidad born African American aviation pioneer. He was nicknamed The Black Eagle.
Hubert Julian was a promoter of aviation and succeeded in generating publicity. Some say that he was the first person of color to get a pilot's licence in the United States, for which there are other claimants, though he was certainly one of the first. He was a supporter of Marcus Garvey and in 1922 flew his plane over parades in support of Garvey.
In 1924 Julian raised funds for an attempt at a TransAtlantic flight from New York to Africa. Julian took off in his airplane The Ethiopia I, but crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. He survived, spending weeks in hospital from his injuries.
Julian's successful 1929 Transatlantic flight, 2 years after that of Charles Lindbergh, was commemorated by Calypso music singer Sam Manning in the record Lieutenant Julian, and made Julian a well known figure in the African-American and Afro-Caribbean community, and he sometimes thereafter billed himself as "The Black Lindbergh".
Julian flew to Ethiopia in 1930, where his flying exploits impressed Emperor Haile Selassie, who awarded Julian Abyssinian citizenship and the rank of Colonel.
In 1931 he was the first flyer of African descent to fly coast to coast in the United States. Julian was one of several aviators in the 1920s and 1930s who competed in outdoing each other and briefly holding records for longest non-stop flights. In 1931, for example, Julian held the non-stop non-refueling aviation endurance record with a flight of 84 hours and 33 minutes. Julian flew a number of flights in and between the Americas, Europe, and Africa, surviving several crashes. In between major flights, he toured with a small all Black flying circus which he headed, called The Five Blackbirds.
During the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, Julian flew to Ethiopia to aid in the defense of Selassie's government. He was put in command of the Imperial Ethiopian Air Force, which at the time consisted of 3 planes. Upon his return to the United States, he was temporarily detained at Ellis Island, over the question of his nationality (was he a British or an Ethiopian subject?). Later, after getting into a public fist-fight with fellow African-American aviator John C. Robinson, Julian was ordered to leave the country.
Julian also invented some safety devices used in airplanes.
In 1939, Julian was the producer for the motion picture Lying Lips, directed by Oscar Micheaux.
After the United States entered World War II, Julian volunteered to train for combat with the 789th, the famous Tuskegee Airmen. He was remembered as a colorful character who wore a non-regulation Colonel's uniform, despite not holding that rank with the United States Armed Forces, and was discharged before graduation.
From the 1920s through the 1940s Julian lived in Harlem and continued receiving press as a local celebrity.
A series of articles entitled "Black Eagle" was serialized in the African-American New York Amsterdam News newspaper c. 1937 -1938.
In 1965 a biography of Julian entitled Black Eagle was published by The Adventurers Club in London; another biography of the aviator with the same title was written by John Peer Nugent was published in 1971 by Stein and Day in New York.
The 14 November 1974 issue of Jet Magazine briefly mentions Julian, saying he was then 77 years of age, and was making plans to rescue Haile Selassie, then believed to be held prisoner by the new government of Ethiopia.
Hubert Fauntleroy Julian died in the borough of the Bronx, New York City, in February 1983. He is buried at the Calverton National Cemetery in Suffolk County, New York. His passing went largely unnoticed.